This is a personal blog and should be taken as such. So don't sue me if what I write pisses you off. Or if I write lies. Or if I give maladvice. Or if you fail to read through my sarcasm. Et cetera.
I like stalkers.
Is it in bad taste to quote one's self?
"The greatest of debaters are not only the most eloquent -- they are the most bruised, the most resilient, the strongest of heart." -- Andrew Loh
Quotes "How many times have you chickened out?" - Qu Hsueh Ming
"Great spirits have always encountered violent opposition from mediocre minds." - Albert Einstein
"An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile - hoping it will eat him last." - Sir Winston Churchill
"Affirmative action is something the good don't need and the bad don't deserve" - A wise man
"The men who create power make an indispensable contribution to the Nation's greatness, but the men who question power make a contribution just as indispensable, especially when that questioning is disinterested, for they determine whether we use power or power uses us." - John F. Kennedy
"The problems of the world cannot possibly be solved by skeptics or cynics whose horizons are limited by the obvious realities. We need men who can dream of things that never were." - John F. Kennedy
"I love America more than any other country in this world, and, exactly for this reason, I insist on the right to criticize her perpetually." - James A. Baldwin
"Hold fast to dreams, for if dreams die, life is but a broken winged bird that cannot fly." - Langston Hughes
"Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference." - Sir Winston Churchill
"Dreams are true while they last, and do we not live in dreams?" - Alfred Lord Tennyson
"Nothing in the world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not; nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education alone will not; the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent. The slogan "press on" has solved and always will solve the problems of the human race." - John Calvin Coolidge
"We will either find a way or make one." - Hannibal
"Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake." - Napoleon Bonaparte
"For evil to triumph, it is only necessary for good men to do nothing." - Edmund Burke
"War begins in the minds of men, and it is in the minds of men that the defenses of peace must first be constructed." - UNESCO Constitution
"The proper study of mankind is man." - Alexander Pope
"My kind of loyalty was loyalty to one's country, not to its institutions or its officeholders. The country is the real thing, the substantial thing, the eternal thing; it is the thing to watch over, and care for, and be loyal to; institutions are extraneous, they are its mere clothing, and clothing can wear out, become ragged, cease to be comfortable, cease to protect the body from winter, disease, and death." - Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens): A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court
"Patriotism is to support your country all the time and your government when it deserves it" - Mark Twain
"The reasonable man adapts himself to the world. The unreasonable man persists in trying to adapt the world to himself. Therefore, all progress depends on the unreasonable man." - George Bernard Shaw
"The power of accurate observation is commonly called cynicism by those who have not got it." - George Bernard Shaw
"Democracy is a system ensuring that the people are governed no better than they deserve." - George Bernard Shaw
"If we don't believe in freedom of expression for people we despise, we don't believe in it at all." -- Noam Chomsky
"During times of universal deceit, telling the truth becomes a revolutionary act." - George Orwell
"When the people fear the government, you have tyranny. When the government fears the people, you have freedom." - Thomas Paine
"I sense a learning: that much dumber people than you end up in charge. Look at the way things are. I'm no fucken genius or anything, but these spazzos are in charge of my every twitch. What I'm starting to think is maybe only the dumb are safe in this world, the ones who roam with the herd, without thinking about every little thing. But see me? I have to think about every little fucken thing." - Vernon God Little, Act II
Okay. So I term most conferences intellectual masturbation (Qu: egotistic masturbation) because despite the lofty objectives, do we really believe we will [develop a new generation of leaders? achieve national unity?] through a [two-day conference? three-month NS?] Right.
So my motive for going to MSLS II was to meet people lah. :) Social masturbation, not intellectual.
But I think I am challenged to reassess my thoughts after watching the debate between Tony Pua and Khairy Jamaluddin and Nik Nazmi -- the crowning glory of the summit. Because I had discounted being inspired by the speakers as an outcome of MSLS.
But that is for later. Firstly, I personally thought that despite having more boring speakers (both ways) this year, as a whole I thought MSLS II was better than lastyear because the trio debate more than made up for the general lack of oomph.
Speakers generally think that they should stay clear of sensitive issues in such circumstances -- they cannot be more mistaken. This is a student leaders summit. Notwithstanding the slippery slope of elitism, we crave controversy. We won't bash you up because you espouse controversial opinions; we bash you up because you are stupid, unsubstantiated, false, or baseless. We want to be challenged and entertained and inspired(!). We want you to engage our attention and intellect. Any less (i.e. repeating bland political rhetoric) and we go to sleep or talk amongst ourselves. Trust us.
Economics is the science of allocating scarce resources. Do we really want to spend our time listening to trite slogans that we've heard for years? Do the speakers really want to spend their time repeating meaningless statements? Right. If we wanted that we would've just read the newspapers. Don't condescend to us.
So before I do a comprehensive review of MSLS II, I want to say thankyeeeeeeeeeeeeeeew to the organising committee for doing this, because it sucks to organise things. But MSLS is becoming an institution in its own right.
So Day 1 started off with Khaled Nordin, our Minister of Higher Education. There was no Q and A session on "Student Activism as an Element of Human Capital Development" -- fucking hell, because I had so many questions to ask him. This speech was ridiculous, not least because he cannot speak English. Delivery was halting and awkward and it was apparent that the PA wrote the speech and our minister was reading it for the first time. I've never been a fan of mandating a language of delivery -- tak dapat cakap Bahasa Ingerris cakaplah Bahasa Melayu -- we are all bilingual if not tri- and multilingual. What matters is the substance. But Mustapa last year was so much better.
And I was (and am still) really, sincerely surprised that our journalists could pick up anything from the meaningless speech, let alone write full-length articles on it when I dozed off. Read Marina.
Then it came to Khoo Kay Peng and Ungku Aziz on "Malaysian National Unity: Organic or Manufactured?". I thought Ungku Aziz was a bit kooky. Kay Peng was very passionate -- is he related to Khoo Kay Khim? The debate was okay lah but I thought it verved a bit (read: a lot) off-topic. Many questions were left unanswered and many answers were unsolicited. Read Khoo Kay Peng's account.
Next was Zainah Anwar and Mazeni Alwi (Chairman, Muslim Professional Forum), "Reconciling Religion and Gender: The Malaysian Context". Zainah was amazing as usual but Mazeni's speech was all over the place. This guy begs to differ: (Emily and Su Ann and Wai Kin and Valerie and Emily yep it's that guy...)
"Semakin lama saya dengar si feminis tersebut memukau para anak muda yang entah faham ke tidak akan fardhu ain agamanya sendiri serta ratusan rakan-rakan yang bukan Islam yang semakin pening, bingkas saya bangun dan menegur si feminis dan pengajur. Jikalau hendak berbicara sebegitu rupa letak satu ulama' atas pentas baru adil. Bagi saya pengajur MSLS gagal memahami realiti ini dengan membiar semahu-mahunya si feminis tersebut 'memperkosa' pemahaman Islam dihadapan kami pada hari itu."
Again, you guys are smart enough to draw your own conclusions lah. But I do agree with him about inviting an ulama (ulama's actually plural in Arabic so in universal grammar this sentence is wrong) to MSLS. It would have been even more interesting to have invited an UMNO imam to debate a PAS imam and more importantly making them answer all our uncensored questions. Then I can ask them questions in Arabic to show off (and maybe suffer public embarassment myself when I realise that I've forgotten all my vocab). ;) Nik Aziz for MSLS III, perhaps?
Also remember to invite the TM Net boss for MSLS III because I have damn a lot of questions to ask him about Streamyx.
I also asked a question here because somewhere in their speeches they referred to the oft-argued incompatibility between Islam and women's rights and also because I just finished reading the biography of Muhammad by Karen Armstrong (which, incidentally, is banned in Malaysia! Hahahahha). Which went something like (yah this account is getting very Andrew-centric):
During Jahiliah, womens position = nothing.
Muhammad raised it radically, revolutionarily high -- whereby before the word of a woman was worth nothing, in Islam in the 7th century the word of two women was worth the word of one man.
This radical change in society was so successful that Christian scholars wrote tracts denigrating Islam for giving women so many rights.
Even Christian women took to the veil to persuade their husbands to treat them better.
Given that Islam at its conception and in the context of the 8th/9th/10th century was at the forefront of liberating women and improving gender equality, I think that it is wrong to say that Islam and gender equality as we understand it in the 21st century is contradictory.
I think we are concentrating too much on form and not enough on substance -- does it really matter that the witness of two women equals the witness of one man, or instead do the original objectives and motivations of Islam matter more?
Now we all know that we need some sort of group discussion thingy to have direct audience participation in the conference, etc. But to me it was the weakest portion of the summit, not least because many if not most people decided to skip it. Even so, the groups were too big for any meaningful discussion or personal sharing to take place, time too short for intellectual epiphanies or omg-i-just-changed-my-weltanschauung moments. I'd rather have them axed in favor of socializing sessions where we just get to meet people and talk and bitch -- after all one of the aims of the summit is to enhance networking amongst "future leaders," eh.
After lunch was Hishammuddin (love!) on "The National Education Blueprint: Addressing Racial Polarization and Sustainable Economic Development." I wrote about his poise and grace and shocking honesty about Pengetahuan Moral (which made national headlines!) and how he impressed me here.
Next was the corporate forum which was mmmmmmm boring. So Emily and Su Ann and I went back to talk to Valerie and Suga and people. Ya lah we very rude lah. But as in school, if the teacher is boring you talk to your friends lah.
Then came the Badawi fiasco aka public humiliation by William. I do have to say though that I felt bad for Badawi then, and I thought that he was very sporting for letting the floor ask questions (when there was no Q and A session in the orginal itinerary). And I am damn happy that it is Badawi at the helm and not Mahathir or Najib (whose negative popularity is probably similar to Hillary Clinton's).
Then Wai Kin and I went to the Bishop's for Yang Jerng's paaaartaaaay and I met Nat the Jailee and many others. And sang.
The next day I was so tired that I went back to bed after waking up early and skipped the first session of Day 2.
For race relations we had Ibrahim Suffian (Director, Merdeka Centre), Karim Raslan, and Dr. Denison Jayasooria (former Executive Director, Social Strategic Foundation). This session was OK lah but nothing particularly special or enligthening, other than Karim's beautiful-sexy British accent.
Next was supposed to be Zaid Ibrahim but it was cancelled!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! There were rumours that Badawi told him not to come -- either because of the public embarrassment or because of fears of disclosure of important things-to-come. Purely speculative, of course.
Then we skipped the next talk because it was becoming reaaaaally draggy. This smart Su Ann had just woken up. But then I felt a pinge of regret after learning that Mr Yeo from the Bar Council was quite good.
And now the pinnacle of the summit. (people please laugh -- it's funny lah)
And so Tony vs Khairy vs Nik Nazmi was the awesomest shitz in the whole wide world yesterday. I won't delve into details since accounts about this abound. Tony writes really comprehensively, along with Nik, the Star, and the Malaysian Insider. All links stolen from Tony :)
There was a message going around saying that there wasn't going to be a free Q and A session and that we had to write our questions down -- but this was not to be. Fortunately. Censoring would go against the very principles of having a summit.
This was cool: Nik Nazmi was more concerned with "what Khairy calls leakages, I call corruption" and quoted American accounting firm Morgan Stanley's estimate that corruption had cost the country RM330 billion over the last two decades and the Special Task Force to Facilitate Business's (Pemudah) estimate of RM10 billion lost to corruption this year alone.
But the best write-up of the event must go to Shanon Shah. Must read.
"I think today I just witnessed an incredible snapshot of what a real Malaysian democracy would look like.
"It was amazing how civil and - Heaven forbid - fun the discussion was. And it was amazing how the crowd - consisting mostly of students - responded enthusiastically. With applause, laughter and even boos (again, done more in humour than to seriously humiliate the speakers onstage).
And Shanon is absolutely right -- it was intellectual, amazing, most importantly, fun. So enjoyable!!! I share his analysis and feelings, so you should read his entry.
Hahaha the American contingent was being loud and obnoxious as usual and many a time we found ourselves pounding the table in applause. I'm surprised my hand isn't sore from all that clapping.
And what was even more encouraging was that this was the exact same questioning environment for Hisham and Badawi. It wasn't straitlaced or controlled or shit -- rather open and receptive and positive and constructive. Even if some of them deflected some questions lah. ;)
In the end we (read: Su Ann) were going "Khairy for PM!" Hahahhahaha. Which really speaks to how impressive Khairy is as a public speaker/debater and how deeply we enjoyed the three YBs. So thank you very much, Tony, Khairy, and Nik, for making this an unforgettable experience. Shahril was also an excellent moderator -- he asked the right questions at the right times.
But I do have to write down some of the more enjoyable (paraphrased) jibes from the debate:
Tony: When we run out of oil, we will be in deep shit.
Khairy: (something along the lines of) You wouldn't say that in Parliament.
Tony: No, I'm sure Khairy would ask me to tarik balik
Khairy: Blablabla... pissed off! Blablabla.
(lolololol -- all the politicians trying to act cool by swearing!)
Khairy: On one hand Pakatan is arguing against this subsidy mentality, but which one of us is saying "hari ini membentuk kerajaan, esok turun harga minyak?!!!" (touche!)
Nik: NEP doesn't discriminate whether you're a Malay from Taman Tun or a Malay from Rembau (heeeeeeeeeeeeeeh!)
Khairy: (referring to Tony from DAP and Nik from PKR) I guess since UMNO is having talks with PAS I'll represent both UMNO and PAS. (which elicits a spontaneous audience booing)
It was this humour and basic rowdiness that really made the debate great. Every good debater knows that when the bar for substance is equally high throughout the teams, what really makes for victory, what sets apart the creme de la creme is style. And that determines how memorable you are as a speaker as well. And Tony vs Khairy vs Nik was the epitome of styyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyle baybeee.
And I am inspired. Never realised that a measly student summit could feel so empowering. :)
The performance of the various politicians who participated in the Malaysian Student Leaders' Summit over the weekend, while more varied in quality, were also entertaining. The education minister took a question on the uselessness of Pendidikan Moral with good humour and the prime minister's speech triggered some strong feedback.
I'd already sensed a schism in the student crowd, and this was confirmed when the young YBs ï¿½ Nik Nazmi, Khairy Jamaluddin and Tony Pua ï¿½ took to the stage. Riotous applause punctuated the proceedings as they tackled the minutiae of petrol subsidies and parried each other's jibes. If they keep it up, the Dewan Rakyat will one day be even more fun than the House of Commons....
I was a teacher for 2 months for Pengetahuan Moral (hoho then the audience starts to laugh)
I think this is a subject that everyone can agree is useless. (the audience then breaks into spontaneous applause -- this is where I start to think that heeeey they reeeaaaallllly liiiikeeee meeeeeeee -- even Hishammuddin smiles!)
When the Star was doing an op-ed about Moral a few months back, a Star reporter told me that they could find plenty of people willing to slam Pengetahuan Moral but they could not find one ex-student willing to defend it.
Given that it is useless, why is it still a subject? (hohoho more applause!)
Even if you argue that some people could become more morally-inclined through Moral, why should my morality be based on how well I can memorize 36 nilai-nilai murni and their definitions? (applause!!!!!)
[Because Hisham referred to reducing academic pressure by lessening the number of subjects in response to a prior question] If you really are serious about reducing the number of subjects for SPM, I highly suggest that Pengetahuan Moral is a very suitable candidate for reduction. (applause!!!)
Haha so given the mass support evidently Moral is something absolutely dear to our hearts yah.
So Hisham's response was basically yes we know hehehe. :)
He told us that the ministry had already identified Moral as a subject for reform and said something like Andrew come see me after the talk -- you're not going anywhere right? -- to contribute ideas about how to improve, etc. (Ministerial etiquette, you know, and you know that he doesn't really mean it)
But I was very impressed with Hisham's poise and grace -- how he answered all the questions, smiling, composed. Very politicianish, very elegant.
So I was about to follow him up after the Q and A session but Badawi came for his talk and Hisham had to stay for etiquette's sake and after that I had to rush to pee and Hisham had to rush to his other engagements.
But I do intend to email him along the line of yo, remember me?????? hehehehe.
Yi Jian suggested a great idea -- instead of only emailing my opinions, I could (should) gain more legitimacy by opening it up to MSLS participants (and others) and emailing that as an MSLS proposal instead.
And risk wasting my time and energy for something the MOE can discard just like that. ;)
But hope springs eternal, eh?
This seems ominous -- if my stupid crowd-pleasing question can make national headlines -- perhaps the timing is just right to send our proposals in.
**** Pay attention to the difference in reporting between the English papers and the Chinese papers (some crude but relevant translations will be provided) -- one says WILL NOT KILL MORAL one says MAYBE.
I also have to give credit to the Chinese papers for being relatively faithful to my line of questioning. Unlike NST.
KUALA LUMPUR: The Moral Education subject taught to non-Muslims in schools is part of the curriculum reforms up for review by the Education Ministry.
Minister Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Tun Hussein said the ministry was looking at the subject thoroughly.
Leadership role: Hishammuddin speaking at the summit in Kuala Lumpur yesterday.
"Whether we are going to change it or not is not up to me. It depends on the experts who advise me," he told reporters at the Second Annual Malaysian Student Leaders Summit here yesterday.
He said the Prime Minister had also stressed on the importance of values.
"We are not going to get rid of the subject. That's the problem we are facing as we cannot take everything in a piecemeal manner," he said, adding that the issue was to look at changes in a holistic manner.
Hishammuddin was asked to elaborate on the subject after a participant had asked during the question-and-answer session at the summit on why there was a need for the subject in the Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM).
Moral Education is presently taught to non-Muslims in both primary and secondary schools, and is an examination subject in the SPM.
Many students have often complained about having to memorise differing values taught for the examination.
A teacher described the marking system as "weird" as students who answered questions in a different manner (from what was in the marking system) would lose marks.
Other questions asked included whether the ministry "manipulated" examination results in an election year and the policy of the teaching of Science and Mathematics in English.
On the examination results, Hishammuddin said: "It is true there are many who score straight As in examinations now but we do not manipulate results."
On the teaching of Science and Mathematics in English, he said a decision on the policy would be announced after the results of the UPSR were released at the end of the year.
Earlier, in his speech Hishammuddin spoke on the need to transform the education system.
"This is why during the National Education Blueprint 2006-2010 period we have to lay down the foundation, look at changes we are going to make rationally and get the stakeholders on board," he said.
He was responding to a question from a US-based student at MSLS II. Then my spiel about the 36 nilai-nilai. Here comes the surprise -- they actually quote me saying Moral is "useless"!! Then the part about scrapping it.
Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi was put on the defensive when he was asked a wide range of thorny questions by students during a forum today.
Students queried the prime minister after he had delivered his keynote address at the Malaysian Student Leaders Summit at a hotel in Kuala Lumpur, with questions including:
• In achieving 2020, are we on schedule?
• I wish to join the civil service, but the civil service doesn't seem to be colour blind. What will be done to redeem the image of the civil service?
• Will there be more public debates between the cabinet members and the opposition on government policies?
• What is the role of the government in holistic development?
• You have called yourself colour blind, but what is your view on our quota system? It is still more racial rather than community- based. Secondly, what is your views on protecting minorities rather than majorities?
• I want to know how do you feel about promises that you have not kept. I don't want to know what you're going to do, but I want to know how you feel, towards us, the people you are responsible for. (Pinkpau got balls hahaha!)
Many of the questions were met with loud applause from the floor and often drew smiles from Abdullah along with Education Minister Hishammuddin Hussein who was seated next to him.
On Vision 2020 - a plan for Malaysia to achieve developed nation status - Abdullah said that Malaysia would meet the target provided that an annual growth rate of six percent is achieved.
"(But) we have problems now, due to increase in the price of oil and inflation," said Abdullah, adding that the government has allocated large amounts of money to meet the target.
"We are determined to fight and we must not give up", he added.
One student urged Abdullah to take action against "irresponsible politicians" for making irresponsible comments, to which the prime minister replied that he would "correct" such errant politicians.
He said that he would continue to remind politicians to exercise restraint and moderation.
On the civil service, Abdullah said that the government was progressively making changes to make the civil service reflective of the composition of society.
He agreed that there was not enough non-Malays in certain sectors of the civil service but the government had created other mechanisms to allow non-Malay participation.
"For example, we have the Anti-Inflation Council. We make sure that the members come from the private sector and also members who are non-Malays," said Abdullah, adding that the government wants the council to be multi-racial.
He said that more of such institutions would be established to ensure that government policies are not being designed by one racial group.
On unkept promises, Abdullah said that the Barisan Nasional 2004 election manifesto was not designed with a five-year time frame, but a plan towards Vision 2020.
"It doesn't matter whether I will be around or not," he said, adding that the government has already established a plan to implement the election promises.
He cites reforming the Anti-Corruption Agency and the judiciary as among examples of promises which are in the midst of being fulfilled.
Abdullah said that it takes time to change the attitude of the people in order for the government to fulfil its agenda to encouraging transparency, accountability and openness.
"I'm not saying this as an excuse … social changes do take time as opposed to physical and structural changes," he added. Speech topic
However, Abdullah's response to the question of the government's role in holistic development drew the loudest reaction from the floor.
The student said the topic was something which Abdullah did not address in his speech, drawing loud applause from the floor.
Following this, Abdullah sought a clarification from the student who posed the question, apparently oblivious that the topic for his keynote address listed in the event's itinerary was Holistic Development and the role of the Government.
"Holistic apa?… Where did I say so in my speech? Are you looking at it? Oh, you are (referring) to the title of my speech!" exclaimed Abdullah, leading to laughter, applause and then loud murmurs from the 500-odd participants.
He did not touch on the intended topic during his keynote address but instead delivered a 40-minute off-the-cuff address to the students on a wide range of topics.
The prime minister cut short the session and did not attend the scheduled press conference after the event as he has to catch a 5pm flight to Sarawak.
LUMPUR: Despite his hectic schedule, Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
took time off to address a large group of college and university
students at a hotel here.
The Prime Minister made full use of the weekend opportunity as he stressed on the importance of maintaining national unity.
“I grew up in a 100% Malay environment but when I went to school, I made a lot of friends of all races.
“I used to go to my Chinese friend's house and his mother would ask me, 'Abdullah, lu ciak liao?' which means 'have you eaten?'“ Abdullah said, recalling his younger days.
He also took questions from the floor at the session. The following is an excerpt of the Q&A session.
Since it is our generation which will become the country's future
leaders, are we in your opinion on schedule to achieve Vision 2020?
answered: If our growth can be maintained at 6%, then we are on
schedule. But now we may not achieve 6% because of the increase in fuel
prices. We have allocated lots of money to achieve this but now the
prices of building materials have also gone up steeply and this has
also affected our development budget. There is inflation and the rakyat is certainly not happy. Such is the situation at the moment. But we have to continue to fight.
Q: There are some irresponsible politicians out there making irresponsible statements. What is your view on this?
We hear from both sides of the political divide about irresponsible
politicians – from the Government and the Opposition, too. But we have
to comment through replies in Parliament and via our manifesto. ... We
must keep on reminding everyone that if they want Malaysia to be a
country that is peaceful, there must be restraint. We have to be
moderate and we hope that there will be people who will listen and
remind others that this is what we want to do.
Q: To be honest, the civil service does not seem to be very colour blind. Do you have any plans to review the civil service?
I know you're not happy with the situation that seems to have more
Malays. We're now progressively making a lot of changes to be more
representative in the nation's civil service. We're also aware that
there may not be enough non-Malays at certain levels.
we have created a mechanism, for instance, the anti-inflation council.
We ensure that we have members from the private sector, who are
non-Malays from high executive positions, to participate in the
council. We want the council to be multi-racial.
Q:How do you feel about the promises that you have made to us but haven't kept?
My intention is to implement what I promised. When I introduced my
manifesto in 2004, that manifesto outlined many things. It's not only
for the first five years but meant to go on right up to Vision 2020.
We've started (working) on it, and we're determined to achieve the
objectives, the law and mechanisms that need to be introduced, this has
to be done. I'm aware that the reform of the judiciary and the ACA has
not been done.
That was one of the promises I made. For the
commission of the ACA, that has been decided upon. The subject will be
debated in the next Parliament session and I hope that it will get the
okay from Parliament. At the same time, the introduction of the
Judicial Commission has been announced and it was one of the things we
wished to do.
The reform of the police force has already started
but we still have one or two more things that we need to look into, so
we'll continue with that. The reform of the financial and education
sectors has already started. There are challenges we have to face. I've
chosen a very important agenda, which is transparency and
It is not easy because you have to change
people's attitudes, you have to inculcate new values and make social
changes because it is important for the future of Malaysia.